The liver is the second largest organ in the body (your skin is the largest) and arguably the most popular one mentioned in yoga studios, health magazines, and wellness centers throughout the spring and summer season. Considering your liver is involved in nearly 500 bodily functions including detoxification and producing important proteins such as enzymes, hormones, blood proteins, clotting factors, and immune factors, there’s no mystery why it’s important to honor and protect this essential organ no matter what season it is! However, after the winter is over, it’s a great time from the Ayurvedic perspective to purge any or all unhealthy winter habits and wake up to the vibrant energy of the spring season. As a yoga teacher, nutritionist, and Ayurvedic Health Educator, I’m always a student and curious about the human body and how it operates, eager to learn what I can do to make it thrive. In this new blog series, Things to Know About Your Liver, I’ll be sharing some basic information, facts, nutrition ideas, and lifestyle tips on how to maintain a healthy liver as we approach the summer season. This month, I will highlight one of the liver’s most important jobs, detoxification, and what you can do on a daily basis with diet and lifestyle to minimize stress on the organ. In June, I’ll cover the liver’s role in metabolizing carbohydrates and sugars, choleterol synthesis, storing fats and vitamins, and conclude in July with an Ayurvedic look at the liver and the Pitta dosha, as we relax into heat of summer season. Detoxification The liver and kidneys are the primary organs for detoxification and naturally help you cleanse by eliminating waste products in your sweat, urine, or feces. If your liver is in good shape, you will feel energetic and find it easy to think clearly and maintain a happy, stable mood. When the liver is not functioning well, it will not remove waste products efficiently and you will feel quite the opposite of healthy. The liver acts like a proverbial club bouncer, standing guard at the entrance; on a daily basis, the liver filters unwanted items out of your bloodstream such as drugs (over the counter and prescription), alcohol, cigarettes, environmental pollutants, caffeine, food additives, smog, chemical household cleaning products, plus ammonia and bilirubin, which are produced in the body as a result of protein metabolism. Please remember that every toxic substance mentioned above will eventually be processed by your liver—and if your liver can’t break down the toxins, they simply don’t go anywhere, which makes it harder for the liver to do its regular job. To help give your liver a break, please take extra caution with alcohol consumption. If alcohol is consumed on a regular basis, normal liver function may be interrupted, leading to chemical imbalances and depression. Liver cells may be destroyed or altered, resulting in fatty deposits (fatty liver which will be covered next month), inflammation (alcoholic hepatitis), and/or permanent scarring (cirrhosis). Mixing alcohol and medications may also damage the liver. If alcohol is used to relax or reduce stress at the end of a long day, considering getting some exercise instead then treating yourself to a “mocktail” (non-alcoholic drink) and see if these replacements help you feel more clear and emotionally stable at the end of each day. One of the numerous incredibly cool things about your liver is that it has the extraordinary gift of regenerating itself. However, I don’t recommend overburdening it with unhealthy lifestyle choices and foods high in fat, sugar, cholesterol, and pesticides that may cause harm down the road. Making an effort to eat seasonal, local, ORGANIC, whole foods rich in the following nutrients below are important preventative steps for optimal liver health. Here’s a short list of important liver-supporting nutrients and the foods rich in them, which can help keep your liver happy. I hope you enjoy adding them to your cart during your next visit to the market. Folate (a B vitamin): Green leafy vegetables, spinach, kale, chard, beet greens, asparagus, broccoli, avocados, and brewer’s yeast Vitamin C: Grapefruit, lemon, red bell peppers, broccoli, brussel sprouts, strawberries Flavonoids : Beets, apples, blueberries, cabbage, parsley, tomatoes, strawberries and white, green or black tea Magnesium: Dark green leafy vegetables, tofu, almonds, pecans, cashews, Brazil nuts, wheat bran, millet, brown rice, dried apricots Iron: Kelp, brewer’s yeast, blackstrap molasses, wheat bran, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, millet, organ meats, parsley, clams, almonds, dried prunes, raisins, Jerusalem artichokes, beet greens, egg yolks, whole wheat bread, oats, brown rice, dried peas, lima beans, kidney beans, green peas, almonds, artichokes, and dark green leafy vegetables Selenium: Found in our soil and will vary greatly depending where your food was grown and how healthy the soil is. Foods with concentrated selenium include brewers’ yeast, wheat germ, liver, butter, molasses, Brazil nuts, oats, garlic, mushrooms, radishes, and tomatoes. Cruciferous Vegetables: broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower Root: Turmeric (anti-inflammatory, helps liver detoxify carcinogenic chemicals and stimulates production of bile) Herbs: Echinacea, dandelion, red clover, burdock, and milk thistle, which has a reputation for promoting the growth of new liver cells and might be worth exploring during a seasonal detox If you are considering a liver flush or cleanse, it’s important to make sure you stay hydrated and are also having regular bowel movements each day. Daily bowel movements are essential because the chemicals and pollutants that get released in the body from the liver will end up in your stool for elimination! Slow or irregular elimination patterns may lead to further complications. During a detox phase, I often recommend mild laxatives such as triphala (Indian formula found in most health food stores in capsule form), psyllium, flaxseeds, chia seeds, and prunes to ensure your colon is being emptied 2 to 3 times a day. I also recommend consulting with your local Ayurvedic (yogi health scientists) practitioner or nutritionist to support you in building a custom program that addresses your uniqueness and health goals. As you can see there is a lot you can do in your daily lives to support your liver. If you give your liver a break and limit the amount of drugs, alcohol, pesticides, fatty foods, artificial sweeteners, and sugar in your diet on a regular basis, there would be less need to “detox” your liver. A balanced diet with regular exercise and hydration goes a long way in regards to the health of your organs. Stay tuned for part two next month!